• John of Paris, the Deposing Power, and the Punishment of Heretics
    Matthew Gaetano, March 27, 2018
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The Regensburg Forum is an online public forum that exists to promote informed and scholarly dialogue between the Roman Catholic and Reformed Protestant traditions. Recognizing that online forums – especially blogs and social media – have become one of the most effective mediums for ongoing, thoughtful discussion, The Regensburg Forum exists to encourage conversations between Catholic and Reformed Christians on theological, philosophical, and historical issues of fundamental importance.


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John of Paris, the Deposing Power, and the Punishment of Heretics - by Matthew Gaetano In a previous post, I discussed Henri de Lubac’s criticism of the position of Bellarmine and Suarez on the pope’s power to depose Christian kings. Though he believed that such a position was already obsolete in the context of his own day, he called this position–quite widespread from the Middle Ages through… Read More John of Paris, the Deposing Power, and the Punishment of Heretics
Indulgences as Imputation: A Review of Indulgences: Luther, Catholicism, and the Imputation of Merit - by Eric Demeuse In a recent article commemorating ‘Luther at 500,’ Phillip Cary argues that Luther ‘had to find a Word of God that was not an accusation but a bestowal of grace and forgiveness. What is often overlooked is that he found it in Catholic sacramental theology.’ Cary continues, ‘The result surprised everyone. He… Read More Indulgences as Imputation: A Review of Indulgences: Luther, Catholicism, and the Imputation of Merit
Henri de Lubac’s Criticism of Indirect Power - by Matthew Gaetano In my previous post, I discussed theologians who offered interpretations of the doctrine of the two swords before the Second Vatican Council. While some hierocrats believed that the pope’s two swords made him lord of the world, Vitoria, Bellarmine, and Suarez argued that popes had indirect power in temporal matters. Papal power… Read More Henri de Lubac’s Criticism of Indirect Power
Some New Books on The Renaissance, Conscience, Certainty, and Marriage - Reviewed by Ulrich L. Lehner Professor of Religious History and Historical Theology Marquette University Roeck, Bernd. Der Morgen Der Welt Geschichte der Renaissance (München: C. H. Beck, 2017) The Zurich historian Bernd Roeck has produced a massive tome (over 1.200 pages text). It aims to give some answers to the question why the West has produced… Read More Some New Books on The Renaissance, Conscience, Certainty, and Marriage
Boniface VIII’s Two Swords and the Theologians - by Matthew Gaetano In the excellent dialogue hosted at the Regensburg Forum several months ago about Vatican II, religious freedom, and political theology, Boniface VIII seems (quite understandably) to have been in the background. His 1308 bull Unam Sanctam makes several claims that remain important to contemporary theological discussion. Boniface speaks of two swords: the spiritual and the temporal. Both… Read More Boniface VIII’s Two Swords and the Theologians
The Beautiful Madness of Vladimir Soloviev: Russian Wisdom and Dignitatis Humanae - by Andrew Kuiper ‘Bella idea, ma fuor d’un miracolo, é cosa impossible’ (a beautiful idea but, short of a miracle, impossible to carry out).  This was the response of Pope Leo XIII to Vladimir Soloviev’s (1853-1900) program for ecclesial-political unity between East and West. It is certainly an understandable skepticism given the sprawling scope of… Read More The Beautiful Madness of Vladimir Soloviev: Russian Wisdom and Dignitatis Humanae
Concluding Thoughts on Dignitatis Humanae - This is Steven Wedgeworth’s response to Thomas Pink’s concluding remarks. It is the final essay in a four-part debate between Thomas Pink and Steven Wedgeworth on the historical and conceptual coherence of Dignitatis Humanae, and thereby the traditional Catholic teachings on church and state. The previous installments are: Pink: Tyranny, Contradiction or Continuity: A Reformed-Catholic… Read More Concluding Thoughts on Dignitatis Humanae
Dignitatis Humanae – A Leonine Balancing Act - This is Thomas Pink’s concluding argument in a series of exchanges on Dignitatis Humanae. His kick-off essay can be found here (along with an introduction to the overall debate), with a response essay here from Steven Wedgeworth. Next week, Wedgeworth will make his final arguments. I have presented a Leonine interpretation of Dignitatis Humanae – an account that… Read More Dignitatis Humanae – A Leonine Balancing Act
Design by Committee: the Challenge of Reading Dignitatis Humanae Aright - This is part II in a debate between Thomas Pink  and Steven Wedgeworth (Roman Catholic and Reformed, respectively) on Dignitatis Humanae and Catholic teaching on religious liberty and coercion. Part I may be found here, along with a short introduction and context for the debate. Steven Wedgeworth – Christ Church in Lakeland, Director for the Davenant Trust Professor… Read More Design by Committee: the Challenge of Reading Dignitatis Humanae Aright
Tyranny, Contradiction or Continuity? A Reformed-Catholic Debate on Dignitatis Humanae and Religious Liberty - The editors of The Regensburg Forum are pleased to host an exchange between Dr. Thomas Pink and Pastor Steven Wedgeworth on the coherence and historical context of the Roman Catholic Church’s teachings on the state’s obligations to facilitate true religion, specifically as expressed in the most comprehensive and authoritative of its modern documents, Dignitatis Humanae. Wedgeworth recently… Read More Tyranny, Contradiction or Continuity? A Reformed-Catholic Debate on Dignitatis Humanae and Religious Liberty
Some New Books on Early Modern Theology and Church History - Reviewed by Ulrich L. Lehner Professor of Religious History and Historical Theology Marquette University O’Connor, Michael. Cajetan’s Biblical Commentaries: Motive and Method (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2017). St. Andrews Studies in Reformation History. 302 pp. Recent years have seen a surge of interest in the works of Thomas de Vio, called Cajetan (1469–1534), but mostly in his works… Read More Some New Books on Early Modern Theology and Church History
Keckermann on Transubstantiation - by Matthew Gaetano For reasons that continue to perplex me, some of our readers still think that we at TRF don’t take seriously the fundamental theological debates of the Reformation. It seems to me that, while we are obviously interested in inter-confessional dialogue, we have also been quite clear about our conviction that the controversies of… Read More Keckermann on Transubstantiation

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